The Bower & Collier Family History

Research by Colin Bower

The Big One!

Family History Research Report

Gardiner Family

Introduction - Bower/Collier Family Tree

When I set out to study the Bower/Collier Family Tree, my initial aim was to identify my 8 Great Grandparents (Bower) and my wife Chris’ 8 Great Grandparents (Collier).

Though I have tended to study the Family History of the 16 Great Grandparents, I have also sought to find out the additional 16 Great Great Grandparents’ family names, and any 3 x Great Grandparents along the way!

The names that I have identified to date are:

Bower/Brecht Family Tree

Great Grandparents

Bower
Jones
Hayes
Gardner

Brecht
Walland/Worland
Saunders
Seabourne(e)/Saban

2 x Great Grandparents

Pitts
Counter
Bradbrook
Tunstell/Tunstill
Somes/Piper
Hutley
Neville
Holbrook

3 x Great Grandparents

Pinnion
Spence
Mason
Robinson
Reynolds
(?) Howard

4 x Great Grandparents

Bates
Cock
Venice
Siggins

5 x Great Grandparents

Wyat
Odell

6 x Great Grandparents

Amears

7 x Great Grandparents

Amore
Mills

Collier/Hunt Family Tree

Great Grandparents

Collier
Gardiner
Peryer/Perrier
Smith

Hunt
Farrow/Pharoah
Marjoram
Ransome(e)

2 x Great Grandparents

Adams
Goodchild
Mitchell
Nye
Sheldrake
Smith
Rookyard
Aldous or Alhous/Ollis

3 x Great Grandparents

Mason
Ridett
(?) Snelling
Spall
Shepherd
Allen
More

4 x Great Grandparents

(?) Trigg

My research has included a One-Name Study into the name Brecht, my mother’s maiden name.

Names Index

The additional surnames in this Report have been listed in the Names Index below.

Gardiner Family

Progress To Date

Chris’ Great Grandparent: Matilda Gardiner
- Her Parents: John Gardiner and Ann Matilda Goodchild
- Her Grandparents:

Mini Family Tree (Direct Ancestors)

The Gardiner family tree to date may be summarised:

John Gardiner b c 1790 buried ?17.4.1846 (age 55)
married 29.1.1832
Ann Matilda Goodchild b c 1813/4 (later married Richard Jackson)

Children:
Matilda Gardiner b 1835 bp 25.2.1835
John Gardiner b 1837 bp 1.1.1838
Thomas Gardiner b 1840 bp 8.3.1840
William George Gardiner b 1844 bp 3.11.1844
Caroline Matilda Jackson b 28 .12.1851 bp 18.1.1852

Matilda Gardiner b 1835
married South Hackney 15.10.1853
Charles Collier b 15.9.1833 bp 19.1.1844

Walter James Collier b 09.06.1862
married St Luke’s, Hackney 13.05.1894
Mary Perrier b 02.12.1869
d 10.02.1949 (Age 79)

Leonard Stanley Collier b 30.11.1909 Died 9.5.1988
married 6.06.1936 St John’s, Clay Hill, Enfield
Phyllis Marjoram Hunt b 6.06.1912 Died 1991

Christine Elizabeth Collier
married 15.10.1966 St John’s, Clay Hill, Enfield
Colin Bower

Summary of Research To Date

Chris’ Great Grandmother Matilda Gardiner married Charles Collier the ropemaker in 1853. Gardiner is a common name with many variants which has proved difficult to research. In particular it was difficult to find out much information about John Gardiner, Matilda’s father.

Some progress was made with the discovery of Matilda Gardiner’s sister Caroline and their mother (Ann) Matilda in the 1881 Census.

When Ted Collier researched the Collier Family Tree, he found out that Joan Hughes, one of the first female professional pilots, was the granddaughter of Matilda’ sister Caroline (Aunt Carrie) (see Misc Information/Documents Appendix 4 below).

Before writing up this report in 2011, I took the opportunity to make some more searches and made significant progress.

Birth, Marriage & Death Certificates Held (see Appendix 1 below)

Births:
Marriages: 1 (Matilda Gardiner)
Deaths:

Census Records Obtained (see Appendix 2 below)

- 1841 - ?John Gardiner (Workhouse)
– Ann Matilda Gardiner & family
- 1851 – Richard & Ann Matilda Jackson & family
- 1861 – (Ann) Matilda Gardner Widow & family
- 1871 – (Ann) Matilda Gardiner Widow staying with daughter Caroline (Gardiner) Hughes
- 1881 - (Ann) Matilda Gardiner Widow staying with daughter Caroline (Gardiner) Hughes
- 1891
- 1901

Other Research Undertaken

- IGI - nil
- Parish Records – marriage of John Gardiner & Ann Matilda Goodchild & baptisms of their children (see Appendix 3 below)
- possible bp and death of John Gardiner
- Wills -
- Businesses - nil
- Correspondence -
- Visits - South Hackney where Charles Collier married Matilda Gardiner
- Society of Genealogists to obtain details of Joan Hughes the woman aviator
- Photographs – Matilda Gardiner, Parish Church of South Hackney
- Misc Info/Documents – Potential entry in Trade Directory, Information about Joan Hughes, Woman Aviator (see Appendix 4 below)

Early Progress

On a visit to see relatives in Canada, Ted Collier, a cousin of Chris father Len Collier, obtained a photo of Matilda Gardiner.

Matilda Gardiner

Chris and I joined a cousin in a visit to London when we saw the Parish Church of South Hackney:

Parish Church of South Hackney

Progress 2006

I found the following entry in the 1861 census which showed Matilda was a Widow and she had another child: George Gardiner:

16 Centre Street, Bethnal Green

Matilda Gardner (46)
George Gardner (16)
Caroline Gardner (9)
(The spelling should be Gardiner)

Progress 2007

-

Progress 2008

In reviewing progress to date, I followed up Caroline Gardiner’s marriage to John Hughes and found that in 1881 Caroline’s mother (Ann) Matilda was staying with them.

Progress 2009

The publication of the Parish Records held by the London Metropolitan Archives on the internet, enabled me to trace a possible marriage for John Gardiner to Ann Matilda Goodchild on 29.1.1832 at St John at Hackney.

Progress 2010

-

Progress 2011

I found a potential entry in the 1841 Census and a potential burial for a John Gardiner.

I traced entries in the 1841, 1851 and 1871 Censuses for Ann Matilda Gardiner. In 1851 Ann Gardiner is shown as the wife of Richard Jackson.

I also traced the christenings of Ann’s children.

I wrote this report as part of the Big One! Project.

Progress 2017

I did a random search to try and find John Gardiner's parents and may have found his christening.

Saint Matthew, Bethnal Green

John Gardiner born 14,7.1790 bp 1.9.1790
(Parents William & Elizabeth Gardiner)

There is a possible marriage of William & Elizabeth but this is speculation:

St Mary Magdelene, Bermondsey

William Gardiner married 12.11.1788 Elizabeth Hazelman

Things we wish we knew

Birth/Baptism & Death details of John Gardiner

Name of his parents

Also see a Summary of Records Obtained (Completed & To Do):

Summary of Records Obtained - Gardiner Family

Summaries

Where they were & what they did

The attached table summarises the name of my ancestors, where they lived and their occupations:

Where they were and what they did - Gardiner Family

Family Tree Maker Sheets

The family details of John Gardiner have been summarized in the attached Family Tree Maker sheets which I may enter into the relationship database Family Tree Maker in the future:

Family Tree Maker Sheet - John Gardiner

Names Index

The following surnames appear in this Report in addition to the names in Page 1:

Curtis
Durbin
Hughes
Jackson
Johnson
Knox
Wilmore

Colin Bower
3 August 2017

Appendices

Direct Ancestors have been highlighted

1. Birth, Marriage & Death Certificates Held

Full name: Charles Collier (of: Hackney Wick )
Occupation: Ropemaker (Age: Minor)
Father: Charles Collier, Weaver
Married at: Parish Church, South Hackney (Date: 15/10/1853)
Spouse: Matilda Gardiner (of: Hackney Wick)
Occupation: Seamstress (Age: Minor)
Father: John Gardiner, Cooper
Relevant Witnesses:

2. Census Records Obtained

1841 Census (Sunday 6 June 1841)

Mile End Workhouse#

?John Gardiner, Pauper, Farrier (50)

King St P.B., Bethnal Green

Ann Gardiner (*21) Shoe Binder born in County
Matilda Gardiner (6) born in County
John Gardiner (4) born in County
Thomas Gardiner (1) born in County

#Mile End Old Town Workhouse, Mile End Road
* should have been 27

1851 Census

22 Old Castle St, Bethnal Green

Richard Jackson Head (41) Rail Engine Driver born Bethnal Green, Middx
Ann Jackson Wife (37) Shoe Binder born Bethnal Green
John Gardiner Stepson (13) Shoe Maker born Clerkenwell
Thomas Gardiner Step son (11) born Mile End
George Gardiner Step son (6) born Haggerston

1861 Census

16 Centre Street, Bethnal Green

Matilda Gardner (46) Widow Boot & Shoe Binder born Bethnal Green, Middx
George Gardner (16) born Haggerstone, Middx
Caroline Gardner (9) (out nursing a child) born Bethnal Green, Middx

1871 Census

Wimbolt St, Bethnal Green

John Hughes Head (26) Smith born Mile End New Town, Middx
Caroline Hughes Wife (20) Machinest born Bethnal Green
Ann Gardiner Mother in Law (57) Widow Laundress born Bethnal Green

1881 Census

10 Queen Caroline Gardens, Bethnal Green

*John Hughs Head 38 Smith(B) Mile End, Middlesex
Caroline Hughs Wife 29 Boot Machinest Bethnal Green, Middlesex
John C Hughs Son 8 Bethnal Green, Middlesex
Henry G Hughes Son 7 Bethnal Green, Middlesex
Caroline Hughs Daughter 4 Bethnal Green, Middlesex
(Ann) Matilda Gardiner, Widow Mother in Law 67 Boot Binder Bethnal Green, Middlesex
Jane Knox Boarder 18 Boot Machinest Bethnal Green, Middlesex

Note:

* should have been Hughes

3. Parish Records

St John’s, Hackney

John Gardiner married Ann Matilda Goodchild on 6.2.1832

?John Gardiner (55), Grove Place, buried 17.4.1846

St Leonard’s, Shoreditch

Matilda Gardiner bp 25.2.1835
(Parents John (a Cooper) & Matilda Gardiner of New Inn, Broad Way)

John Gardiner bp 1.1.1838 (when 5 weeks 3 Days old)
(Parents John (a Cooper) & Ann Matilda Gardiner of New Inn Yard)

Thomas Gardiner bp 8.3.1840 (when 5 weeks old)
Parents John (a Cooper) & Matilda Gardiner of Hoxton)

St Mary’s, Haggerston

William George Gardiner bp 3.11.1844
Parents John (a Cooper) & Ann Matilda Gardiner of (?) Jobe Row)

St Mary Magdelene, Bermondsey

William Gardiner
married 12.11.1788
Elizbeth Hazelman

Saint Matthew, Bethnal Green

John Gardiner born 14,7.1790 bp 1.9.1790
(Parents William & Elizabeth Gardiner)

St Matthias, Bethnal Green

Caroline Matilda Jackson born 28.12.1851 bp 18.1.1852
(Parents Richard (a Weaver) & Matilda Jackson of 22 Castle St)

Parish Church, South Hackney (St John of Jerusalem)

Caroline Gardiner of South Hackney (father John Gardiner, Cooper)
married 31.7.1870
John Hughes, Smith of South Hackney (father John Hughes, Silk Dyer)

4. Misc Information/Documents Obtained

Certificates held

Full name: George Francis Gardiner
Born at: 237 High Street, Shadwell (Date: 1.8.1845)
Father: William Gardiner (Occupation: Grocer)
Mother: Harriett Gardiner (Maiden Name: Durbin)

Censuses

1881

29 Boleyn Road, Islington

Jno Gardiner, Widower (age 74) Retired Teacher born Mile End
Louisa Fran Gardiner Daughter (age 34) Waistcoat Maker born Hackney Wick Lane

Entry in Trade Directory

Pigot& Co’s London Directory 1824

Gardiner Chris, Wine Cooper 80 Greenfield-st, Commercial rd

Joan Hughes, Woman Aviator

Joan Hughes, the woman aviator, shared the same Great Grandmother (Ann Matilda Gardiner) as my wife Chris' father Len Collier.

On a visit to the Society of Genealogists I obtained the following information in an article: Those Daring Young Women, Female Aviators 1785 to 1945, which appeared in the Family History Monthly (Edition 69) published in 2001:

Shortly after World War II broke out, the Air Ministry allowed women to join the Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA). In January 1940, eight female pilots, including Joan Hughes, were recruited to ferry Tiger Moths from the De Havilland factory at Hatfield. All were qualified flying instructors and very experienced pilots.

The introduction of the women's ferry pool attracted a lot of publicity in the papers, radio and cinema.

By the end of the War, 108 women had been recruited including Amy Johnson and pilots from New Zealand, Canada, Poland, South Africa and Holland. Life was dangerous and Amy Johnson died after bailing out over the Thames Estuary in 1941.

A list of female pilots in the ATA, from L. Curtis' book: The Forgotten Pilots, was included in the article. It included Joan Hughes, one of the Flight Captains.

 
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