The Bower & Collier Family History

Research by Colin Bower

Brecht One-Name Study

Search for John Christopher Brecht & Susannah Pardom

One of the earliest entries for Brecht in London was the marriage of John Christopher Brecht. In 2021 I revisited the entry I completed in June 2018 and gave it a slight edit:

"My cousin turned up the following entry:

St Mary's Church, Whitechapel

Marriage 25.5.1795
Between John Christopher Brecht and Susannah Pardom, Widow

We have still not established who John was,whether he was related to my ancestor Heinrich Brecht and what happened to him. Browsing Ancestry I found a child by this marriage:

St Nicholas Cole Abbey, City of London (a Wren church)

Christening 3.4.1796 Maria Brecht born 13.3.1796
Daughter of John Christopher & Susannah Brecht

Godfrey Pardom

As Susannah was a Widow, I searched for her previous marriage and found 2 other children perhaps with Susannah's first husband, Godfrey:

St Botolph, Bishopsgate

Christening Mary Pardom 5.10.1783
Daughter of Godfrey & Susannah Pardom
(a Mary Pardom married Henry Bateman 19.12.1802 at St Mary's, Whitechapel)

St Mary's Church, Whitechapel

Christening 18.3.1787 Susannah Pardom
Daughter of Godfrey & Susannah Pardom, Alie Street
(a Susanna Pardom married Christopher Thomas 22.10.1806 at St Botolph, Bishopsgate)

The reference to Alie Street is interesting as I have a set of fiche from the Anglo-German FHS which has the introduction:

"The church of St George, Little Alie Street, Goodman's Fields, in East London was built in 1762 and opened in 1763 to serve the increasing German Lutheran population of East London. The sugar industry was mainly based in East London and was largely owned by Germans. Most of the workers came from North Germany and were Lutherans. The church's foundation was largely due to the efforts of a local sugar refiner called Mr Beckmann, whose sugar baker' workers formed much of the original congregation... "

Those with an interest in sugar refiners & bakers may care to search the following web-site:

It would be really useful to find out what happened to the family (John & Susannah and Mary & Susannah).

Jurgen Christoph Brecht

The sugar refiners/bakers database includes a Jurgen Christolph Brecht who claimed to have had a sugar-refining business in London.

I contacted a correspondent in Germany who was the source of the entry for Jurgen in the database.

He told me that Jurgen may possibly have been a sugar refiner between 1784-1822 and that Jurgen was buried in Germany on 1 April 1822 (age 70 and 18 days).

The registration of his death included a note that he had been a sugar refiner in London.

Heinrich Fridrich Ludwig Brecht

Also in the information from Germany was the christening of a Heinrich Fridrich Ludwig Brecht on 7 July 1784; Jurgen Christoph Brecht was the uncle and godfather of Heinrich and it was noted that Jurgen was said to have been in London when the christening took place.

It is possible that Heinrich Fridrich Ludwig Brecht was one and the same as my ancestor Heinrich (Henry) Frederick Ludewig Brecht born 1783/4.

Extraordinary development June 2018

Baptisms in the name of Brhgt

While I was online, I looked again at the baptism of Maria Brecht, daughter of John Christopher & Susannah Brecht, in 1796.
I turned on a page (electronically) and found an extraordinary entry:

St Nicholas, Cole Abbey, City of London

Hannah & Harriet Brecht (transcribed as Brhgt)
presumably twin sisters to Maria
born 25.11.1797 bp 17.12.1797
(parents Christopher & Susanna Brhgt)

Despite the new revelations I have yet to find out what happened to John Christopher Brecht (and Susannah and children) after the baptisms!


We have a possible chronology:

John Christopher Brecht & Susannah Pardom

1. Mary Pardom (bp 5.10.1783) and Susannah Pardom (bp 18.3.1787) - parents Godfrey & Susannah Pardom
2. A Jurgen Christoph Brecht (possibly a sugar-refiner in London) was the Uncle and Godfather of Heinrich Fridrich Ludwig Brecht bp 7.7.1784 in Germany
3. John Christopher Brecht married Susannah Pardom, Widow 25.5.1795
4. Daughter Maria bp 3.4.1796
5. Daughters Hannah & Harriet Brecht (spelt Brhgt)
presumably twin sisters to Maria
born 25.11.1797 bp 17.12.1797
6. Susannah's children appear to be
Mary Pardom bp 5.10.1783
Susannah Pardom bp 18.3.1787
Maria Brecht bp 3.4.1796
Hannah & Harriet Brecht (spelt Brhgt) bp 17.12.1797

Other than the possible marriages for Mary Pardom in 1802 and Susanna Pardom in 1806, no further records have been found. Did the family move from London to Germany?

I did not find a direct link between John Christopher Brecht and either Jurgen Christoph Brecht or Heinrich (Henry) Frederick Ludewig Brecht but it is extremely coincidental."

New Information

Pardom is a rare name in London.

I have found 3 new entries:

St John the Evangelist, Smith Square

Godfried Pardom (suggesting that he is German)
married 26.12.1777
Susannah Phillips

St Matthews, Bethnal Green

Jane Pardom
married 5.8.1800
William Goodrich

St Leonards, Shoreditch

Elizabeth Pardom
married 11.8.1806
Jacob Bartram

If these are Susannah's children, the list of her children would be:


Mary Pardom bp 5.10.1783, married 1802
Susannah Pardom bp 18.3.1787, married 1806
Jane Pardom married 1800
Elizabeth Pardom married 1806


Maria Brecht bp 3.4.1796
Hannah & Harriet Brecht (transcribed as Brhgt) bp 17.12.1797

As things stand, we don't know if any of these people are related to "our" Brechts but it does seem likely.

Colin Bower
10 March 2021

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